Ju Jutsu

Damjan Cingarski

dam3 Born in 1978 in Skopje.
Education: Master of Architecture (Faculty of Architecture - Skopje)
Proffesion: Architect

Martial arts involvement:

Practicing aikido since year 2000. In April 2002 attends an aikido seminar in Novi Sad, Serbia, held by Michele Quaranta sensei (Aikikai appointed shidoin in ACSA - Switzerland) who spreads the aikido inharited from his teacher Masatomi Ikeda shihan. Feeling the true nature of Aikido, Cingarski decides to start following the teachings of Masatomi Ikeda shihan. At the time the Aikido availability in Skopje is poor so he continues to self-develope and visits all the seminars eld by Michele Quaranta sensei that he can, going to many European countries.

In 2003 he becomes a member of the Aikido federation of Serbia and Montenegro - Aikikai SCG, in order to have the opportunity to be examined for kyu degrees in a recognized organization by Aikikai Foundation in Japan. He is examined for all degrees by Michele Quaranta sensei.

In April 2005 together with a group of enthusiasts he decides to start a dojo of his own at which he can practice and promote aikido in an organized way. So, Henbo aikido dojo was created.
In 2006 he becomes president of the Macedonian Aikido Federation - Aikikai Macedonia.

Since March 2015 he has the rank of 3rd Dan.

He has visited Japan in 2012 and 2016, for the congresses organized by the International Aikido Federation (IAF).

He has participated in over 120 Aikido seminars across the world, of which 10 weekly summer schools and has attended the special school for coaching in the didactic system of Ikeda Masatomi sensei.

Michele Quaranta 6. Dan Aikikai

aikido aikikai clip image006Born on 24th of December 1953.

Education: Economy High School

Languages that he speaks: Italian, Spanish, French, German, Portuguese and English.

Aikido: Starting in 1972, he has been practicing aikido for over 36 years continually. He holds the rank of 6th Dan in aikido and the title Shihan given to him by Aikikai. He was a student and assistant (uke) of Masatomi Ikeda sensei for 20 years and followed him to almost all his seminars.

Professional profile: He was a professional football player in FC Nordstern (premier league) in the past. He was working as a professional football coach for a certain period of time, and also worked as a bank clerk. Finally he turns proffesionaly towards aikido. For 20 years he was continuously an assistant of M. Ikeda sensei. After the retirement of Ikeda sensei from the active aikido life in 2001, Quaranta sensei continues to teach and to spread out the aikido by the methodology inherited from M. Ikeda sensei.

Aikido schools: He founded his own dojo in Basel (Switzerland) in 1983 (www.aikidoschule-basel.ch). All over Europe there are noumerous schools with over 3000 aikidokas that he mentors.

Internationally, he is known as the Technical manager and member of the technical committees of various countries which appreciate his ability and dedication to aikido. With the right to award degrees up to (including) 4th Dan in the Slovakian aikido association at the time when he was a bearer of 5th Dan and the title Shidoin, makes him the only example in the world with that permission granted by the Aikikai Hombu.

Apart from aikido he is also teaching HOJO (a discipline developed at the famous school Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage Ryu which exists from the 14th century.

Seminars: He holds aikido seminars in these countries: Switzerland, Poland, Croatia, Ireland, Slovakia, Czech, Netherlands, Ukraine, Macedonia, Egypt, Serbia, Bulgaria, G. Britain and USA.

Hobbies: music.

Shihan Masatomi Ikeda 7. Dan Aikikai

aikido aikikai clip image004Born in Tokyo, 8th of April 1940.

Education: Faculty of physical education, Nihon Taiku University, Tokyo.

Aikido: he has been practicing since 1958 and has been active in Aikido for more that 41 years; he is a bearer of 7th Dan Aikikai Aikido, 5th Dan Sumo, and 4th Dan Judo belts. His Aikido teacher was mostly Hiroshi Tada 9th Dan Aikikai. Hi receives his last degree in aikido in 1989.

Dwelling history: till 1965 lived in Japan, from 1965-1970 in Italy, from 1970 until 1977 again in Japan where he (was a teacher at the sport high school.) from 1977 he has lived in Zurich where he has founded the school Aikido Ikeda Dojo Zurich. He hasn’t been teaching aikido since 2001 because of his illness.

Management: from 1977 he has been the technical manager of the Swiss Aikido Federation, of the Czech Aikido Federation from 1995, of the Slovakian Aikido Federation since 1996 and from 1997 until 2003 of the Yugoslavian Aikido Federation. In 1998 he became the technical manager of the International Aikido Federation (IAF) together with Mr. H. Isoyama 9th Dan Aikikai.

After his arrival in Switzerland, Ikeda sensei realized that the traditional way of teaching aikido is not suitable for the Europeans because of the great cultural differences with the Japanese. There are certain things that in Japan go without saying, but they have to be explained carefully in Europe. Having in mind those differences, Ikeda sensei compiled a didactical system and an examination program, which simply amaze with the geniality with which they were presented.

Apart from aikido he also taught HOJO (a discipline developed at the famous school Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage Ryu which exists from the 14th century. A special bokken (wooden sword) is used in Hojo. He also organized seminars in Genki Kai - special health system which derives from aikido and is a unique synthesis of the western and eastern health system.

Seminars: He held aikido seminars on a regular bases in these countries: Italy, Switzerland, Spain, Sweden, Nederland, Finland, Poland, France, Austria, Croatia, Germany, Slovakia, Czech, Japan, Turkey, Russia, Serbia and in Monte Negro.

O sensei Morihei Ueshiba - The aikido founder

aikido aikikai clip image002The founder of aikido, Morihei Ueshiba was born on 14th of December 1883 in an agricultural family, in the Vakayama prefacture, now known as Tanabe. He was the only male child in a family with 5 children. From his father he inherited the samurai designation and the interest for the public events and from his mother the interest for religion, poetry and art. In his early childhood he was a weak and often sick child, which was the reason for him to sit at home and read books instead of playing outside with the other children.

He wanted to listen about the magical legends, En no Goya and Kobo Daishi, and was fascinated by the Buddhist rituals. From time to time Morihei thought of the possibility of becoming a priest. Morihei’s father, Jorki, was trying to change his son’s mind about that idea and encouraged him to start practicing sumo and swimming, motivating him with the stories about his great grandfather, who was considered to be one of the best samurais of his time.

In time Morihei became very strong and finely his idea came true, after his father, who was in politics at that time, was attacked and beaten up by a group of hooligans hired by his political opponents. Morihei, being only 158 cm tall, managed to be at 80 kilos muscle weight. He didn’t find any particular interest in classical education, since his great energy had the need for more practical knowledge. He was working at various places, doing different assignments and during the period when he was working as a merchant in Tokio, he realized that he had great affinity towards martial arts.

He begun to study jujutsu at Kito-ryu where his master was Tokusabura Tozawa and Kenjutsu at  Shinkage-ryu. In 1901 he got the certificate for successfully ended training at Kito-ryu. A few years after that, he got the certificate for Kenjutsu from his master Masakatsu Nakai. He got sick and had to return home, where he later married Itogawa Hatsu. During the Russian-Japanese war in 1903, he volunteered in the army, infantry. His superiors were impressed by him and they recommended him to the national military academy. Morihei refused the offer and returned home. Driven by the great desire to continue the physical training, he built a dojo at his farm and invited the famous for his time, jujutsu instructor Takaki Kiyoici to be his personal teacher (?). During this period of time he realized that he owned a great, above average, talent for martial arts and in the same time he showed great interest in politics.

In the spring of 1912, at the age of 29, he moved to Hokaido together with his family. After a few difficult years, the village he moved to begun to prosper. Morihei Ueshiba became very strong, that his strength was a subject of various stories that were going around. During the time of his stay at Hokaido he met the great master in Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu, Sokaku Takeda. Being certain that he wouldn't find a better teacher than him, Ueshiba completely devoted himself to the study of Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu.

After a few months he went back to Shirataki and invited Sokoku Takeda to live with him and teach at his dojo. Hearing about the illness of his father, Ueshiba traveled back to Hokaido. During his trip he made a stop at Ayabe, the center of Omotokyo religion. There he met the leader of the new religion, Deguchi Onisaburo.

Since he was, so to say, charmed or enchanted by Ayabe and by Deguchi, he stayed an additional three days there. Meanwhile his father dies, and it was very heavy on Morihei heart. He made a decision to move to Ayabe and learn about the Omotokyo. He stayed there for the next eight years. Deguchi was a distinguished pacifist, who pledged for universal disarmament. It is intriguing how a man of his nature could get so close to a man from the world of the martial arts, as Ueshiba was. Be it as it may, it didn’t take long time before Deguchi realized that the true goal of Ueshiba was to learn the true meaning of budo and to put an end to all the battles and conflicts. The study of the Omotokyo religion and the closeness with Onisaburo had great impact on Morihei’s life.

Ueshiba made a statement that Sokaku Takeda had opened his eyes about budo, but he had experienced enlightenment through Omotokyo. According to what he had said, in the time of his early forties, somewhere around 1925, he had encountered many spiritual experiences, which changed his life and his way of practice forever. He understood that the true cause of budo is love which needs to be shared with every living thing.

In the next years the number of Morihei’s students was constantly growing. Among the students were Tomiki Kenji and the famous admiral TAkeshita. Deguchi encouraged Morihei to separate himself from the Omokjoto and to continue on his path. He, than, moves to Tokyo and because of the increased number of students he had to built an official dojo in the area of Ushigome, today the headquarters of a Aikikai.

Right after the dojo was built, highly ranked teacher from other martial arts came to visit him, among who was the creator of judo, Jigoro Kano. They where very impressed and sent their studens to learn from Ueshiba. In 1932 Ueshiba was appointed for head instructor. At that time Gozo Shioda, Shirata Ringiro and others joined the dojo. Up to the outbreak of the Second World War Ueshiba was too busy with the classes he gave to Kobukan and with holding special training classes at the military and police academy. In the next ten years Morihai became very popular and many stories about his personality started to be spread around.

In 1942 he returned to his farm. He often stated that budo has a lot in common with agriculture. During the war Kobukan was nearly empty. This was why he entrusted it in the hands of his son Kishomaru. Morihei moved to Ibaraki prefecture in the village of Iwama. There he built a dojo and an Aiki sanctuary, which is still famous and is being visited even today. After the war Aikido was spreading quickly, especially in Kobukan, now named Aikikai Hombu Dojo, under the leadership of Kishomaru Ueshiba. Morihei is being called O Sensei, as the only supreme master of Aikido. He received many decorations from the Japanese government.

Until the end of his life O Sensei never stopped improving the path and he never lost his dedication to a hard training. In the early spring of 1969 he got very sick and on his request was transferred to his home, nearer to his dojo. He died on 26 of April 1969 at the age of 86. Among the last word he uttered were those that Aikido is designed for the whole world and should be taught, not selfishly, but to all people, all around the world.

samurai-woodblock
Representation of samurai doing a technique

Ju-jutsu translated means "weaponless martial art." It actually represents a generic name for all martial arts originating from Japan which are known today, and in which only the human body is used, without the help of additional weapons and/or armor. Mostly due to ignorance about the Japanese language in the countries in the rest of the world , the term jujutsu is now used as a name for a specific martial art on par with karate, judo, aikido, etc. But it is useful to know that Ju-jutsu practically contains all these particular arts.

" Ju " (柔) can be translated as " gentle , soft , supple , flexible , and " Jutsu "(术) can be translated as " art " or " skill ".

Ju-jutsu is an art of fighting chest to chest, without arms. Therefore it teaches strokes, grips, levers, throws, defensive elements, escape movements etc. The purpose of this study is to disable an opponent, wounding or killing him. This unworthy and destructive purpose is implied for the time of the development and use of the martial arts, but from today's perspective is undesired. Japanese tradition in fostering knowledge about this kind of skills is due to the recognition of the benefits of the very knowledge and understanding that such knowledge doesn’t have to be used for destruction, but indirectly, for constructiveness and social and personal well-being.

Matsuyo Maeda
Mitsuyo Maeda
Brazilian Ju-jutsu - ( BJJ ) has been developed after Japanese Mitsuyo Maeda brought judo to Brazil in 1914 . Maeda taught Carlos Grace, son of his friend Gastão Gracie, Brazilian businessman and politician . After Carlos learned the art from Maeda, he has transferred the acquired knowledge to his brothers Oswaldo, Gastão Jr. and George. Meanwhile, Hélio Gracie, who was still a child, peeked at the trainings and practiced the techniques, though he was told he was too young to exercise. At that time, judo was still called Kano Ju jitsu (after its founder Jigorō Kano), and therefore the name of this “new” art turns out as Brazilian Ju - jitsu - instead of being Brazilian judo . The difference between the variants of the name Ju-jutsu and Ju jitsu, occurs because of the pronunciation of these Japanese syllables in Brazilian Portuguese and in the United States and European English. The Gracie family initially branded the art under the name Gracie Ju-jitsu (GJJ)
helio-gracie
Hélio Gracie
, and after the massive expansion across Brazil it began to be called Brazilian Ju - jitsu (BJJ). Emphasis on the ground techniques occurred because the Gracie family believed it is more efficient and it will be more practical in one-on-one fights. Carlos and Hélio Gracie helped in the development of BJJ by promoting fights (mostly against practitioners of other martial arts), competitions and decades of experimentation through intense training. BJJ dominated the first large modern competitions in mixed martial arts (MMA), forcing this new field to adopt many of its practices. Stand-up techniques are less practiced in BJJ also because it has roots in judo and jujutsu.

Nowadays, Brazilian Ju - jitsu is a world famous sport discipline and is mass-practiced. But we should not forget that because of its sport character, like modern Judo, and all other combat sports, the applied rules that prohibit inflicting incurable injuries and permanent damage, lower the spectrum of defense techniques (and attack techniques) and thus loses integrity as martial art. It is one of two things that make combat martial art sports different from aikido. The second big difference is the idea of non-aggression and refrain from violation, which is the base on which aikido is build, and this is the reason why in aikido competitions aren’t possible. Instead, we cherish the idea of self-development, rather than one-time victory that brings short-term fame and gratification of human vanity.

bjj
The modern sport - Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Besides Aikido and Hojo, Ikeda sensei also taught Genki Kai.

Genki Kai purpose is relaxation, breathing and meditation. However, these words are often used today, so we are not paying much attention to them. We must live them to be able to fully understand them.
Genki Kai exercises are a form of gymnastics. If we take the Aikido exercises as gymnastics in standing position, then Genki Kai is gymnastics practiced in sitting and lying position. Parts of the exercises in the sitting and supine position form a cycle which can be repeated as many times as we want or need. Ideally, once a day. The most important thing is to work on breathing techniques while performing some of the basic elements.

Forms are processed so that the body massage itself through pressure on several important points that correspond to the vital meridians of our body. Here we are approaching the Shiatsu and Yoga exercises. Genki Kai is sometimes exercised alone, and sometimes with a partner.

Some of the unconditional exchanges of energy, not always noticeable over time, continuously happen with a partner, and in ourselves. Therefore, Genki Kai exercise, although it does not seem so, may be a special kind of test in the sense that the effects are not always immediately apparent.

Genki Kai exercises have some positive effects on our body, which acts as an internal cleansing or reorganizing our energies.

As shown in the figure, the various exercises related to the four (or five) natural elements, and thus with the techniques of Aikido.